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In the 17th century, representatives of French Bohemia, intellectuals and industrialists more and more often began to move away from the strict and prudish classics and equip country dwellings with maximum comfort. A new, more ergonomic and especially cozy style, called Provence, gradually spread throughout Europe.
Provence style became popular all over the world.
Since it originated in the south of France, this style was also called French kantrand. The peak of its popularity was in the middle of the XIX century - during these years representatives of the majority of European nobility became its adherents.
The combination of aged elements of rustic life with French elegance gives an amazing effect. At first glance, this style seems unusually simple and unpretentious. Just looking at the details, you can see the painstaking work of the designer. There are no screaming elements here - all objects are in perfect harmony with each other, creating a special atmosphere of silence and tranquility.
The combination of aged elements of rustic life with French elegancereturn to menu ↑
Let us briefly list the main features of the style:
- pastel shades with small bright accents: due to the abundance of the sun reigning almost all year round in the south of France, most of the objects look a little burnt out;
- simple furniture with built-in niches and open shelves;
- wooden, wrought-iron or wicker chairs with woven upholstery, square or round table;
- unpainted or whitened ceiling beams;
- natural fabrics: linen, printed cotton in floral motifs, striped or checkered;
- accessories in the form of antiquities or artificially aged objects;
- Handmade elements: carving, weaving, painted, wicker, glazed or earthenware, embroidered napkins and tablecloths, bundles of herbs;
- the floors are wooden or ceramic, baked clay tiles;
- Natural flowers;
- plenty of light: high windows and doors and a sufficient amount of artificial lighting.
Blue, calm tones
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This style is equally well suited for the design of both small kitchens in apartments and spacious rooms of country houses. As he suggests use of light tonesWith it you can visually expand the room.
Light colors are suitable for a small kitchen.
Light fabrics and paint on the walls and furniture look a bit aged and burned out in the sun.return to menu ↑
In colors prevail:
- saffron (yellow-orange);
- bluish-lilac (lavender) or turquoise;
- sweet lemon;
- calm beige or ivory shade.
Red, green and brown are used to a minimum, only as bright color accents in textiles or accessories.return to menu ↑
Drawing on the fabric is in the form:
- bouquets of lavender or poppies;
- small roses;
- olive branches;
- spikelets of wheat;
- field plants.
Red, green and brown are used to a minimum and only for small accessories.
The most popular print is floral with small and large elegant roses or wildflowers. The cage is used mainly red-white or white-blue. Country style strip is thin, not too bright.return to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
Furniture for kitchen
This French style is not only unusually cozy, but also very functional. Furniture is selected as simple as possible, with a large number of open shelves or shelves with glass doors, where the owners carefully place the handicrafts. Made in retro style, it is slightly rude, but has elegant forms.
Suitable furniture is retro style.
There are no strict rules here - good-quality and roomy furniture, painted with light paint or natural texture is placed freely, at the discretion of the owners - no strict alignment "along the wall". It is better to use not serial, but custom-made. It can be:
- open cabinets;
- cupboards and antique bedside tables;
- wooden or wrought iron tables and chairs with comfortable armrests; rocking chairs are also very popular;
- 2-3-seater lightweight sofas that look like combined chairs, with plenty of cushions.
Option for a compact kitchen
It is possible to use both a furniture ensemble and furniture of various colors - skillfully selected, it may well make a harmonious union. At an opportune moment, there will be a grandmother’s buffet refurbished and painted with light colors, or a cupboard purchased at the flea market. You can buy for the kitchen and modern furniture with an artificially aged facade.return to menu ↑
Tabletop is better to take trimmed:
- artificial or natural granite;
Sink is desirable to use stone. A glass apron is of no use here - it is better to trim it with textured tiles. There should be no gloss or chrome-plated parts, as well as plastic. Only fittings and plumbing are allowed only bronze or copper.
Countertop is better to take with artificial or natural granite, marble or tileIt is important to observe the fragile distinction between seeming simplicity and crude handicrafts. With all the simplicity of style on each of the interior should feel the raid of French grace, whether it is openwork forged or wooden elements. Return to menu ↑ return to menu
In the design of the walls dominate only natural materials:
- a tree with an inconspicuous carving or a little visible gilding;
- a rock;
- ceramics with unobtrusive painting;
- deliberately rough matte plaster.
Even small defects are welcome. Easy negligence and the complete lack of gloss make the room especially cozy and homely.
Natural material of walls is preferable in Provence style.return to menu ↑
When using wallpaper materials are selected with:
- small floral ornament;
- small stripe;
- a cage.
Wall decoration can be combined by laying out a part of the surface with tiles or materials that imitate a stone or brick, and part of it can be plastered or decorated with light wallpaper.
Wallpaper with floral print - the highlight of ProvenceIt is better not to get carried away in a small room with brickwork - its dark colors will visually “squeeze” the area. If desired, you can revet any fragment or brick only one wall. Return to menu ↑ return to menu
The floor in the kitchen, made in the style of Provence, mostly wooden. If parquet is used, it should not be glossy and have a glossy finish. Only a light wooden board, slightly aged, with a pronounced texture. Linoleum or too dark laminate here will be out of place.
The floor is usually used wooden
You can also use mosaic or stone for flooring. Ceramic tiles are ordinary square, rectangular or hexagonal.BoardThe room will be more comfortable if small striped pastel shades, oval or round, are laid on the floor. They can be homemade and made of wool or matting. Return to menu ↑ Return to menu
Ideally, they should be trimmed with wooden or imitating natural wood beams (if, of course, the height of the ceilings allows it) or at least with textured embossed plaster. But such a finish is more suitable for country houses or cottages. Stretch ceilings are allowed in the apartment, but they should be without gloss.
Wooden beams desirable to use in the decoration of ceilings
The use of multi-level ceilings without too elaborate elements will also not be too big a mistake - after all, a complete reconstruction of the style is not needed here, only its imitation. When painting them, the color scheme is chosen in slightly "faded in the sun" shades. A small edging of stucco will give the room a little pomp.
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Naturally, it is impossible to do without modern technology even in a rustic-style kitchen. But still it should not be out of the general concept. It is better to hide the refrigerator, washing machine and microwave behind decorative facades.
Technique should be chosen in retro style, or hide behind the facades.
On sale there are also household appliances, made in country style, with a matte surface and a minimum of metal elements. Such devices are painted in bright matte colors: beige, ivory. Handles and switches are made to match the color of aged bronze or forged metal.return to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
Textiles and accessories
Textiles are another important element of French country music. It is used in the design of windows, upholstery, as well as accessories. Although there should be a lot of fabric, a measure is required for their selection.It is extremely important not to overload the interior, so that the room continues to look spacious and open to the sun.
Properly selected textiles will make the kitchen lighter
The effect of rustic country can be achieved through light curtains with ruffles, upholstery or linen covers of chairs and sofas, tablecloths, towels, tacks or several decorative pillows, casually laid out on the kitchen couch. A cozy checkered rug on a rocking chair will also be appropriate.
Fabrics are selected simple, natural, mainly from cotton and bleached flax with a natural floral or French checkered print "Vichy". For tablecloths or napkins often used appliances "bouti"popular in France of the 15th century. It is easy to distinguish it - in the process of fastening elements of the ornament, the products look slightly convex.
This style will never go out of fashion.return to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
Details are given the closest attention. Cookware and utensils in this kitchen are not hidden in the cabinets, but are placed in plain sight. To make the room cozy and create a relaxed atmosphere, vases are placed on the shelves, inherited from grandmothers or purchased at flea markets from antique dealers.
It is great if the house has simple utensils typical of rural life:
- jars with fragrant spices;
- clay or decorated with a thin glaze vase.
In one of the niches you can put a wicker basket with fruit or fragrant bread.
Flowers and fresh fruits will make the interior more natural.
Decorate the shelves can be lace or bleached linen napkins, porcelain figurines and wrought candlesticks. Aged photos and paintings with rural landscapes are used as wall decor. On light surfaces, they will stand out perfectly. The same tree is used as frames.
The plants look very harmonious in such a kitchen:
- tulips in vases;
- dry lavender bouquets;
- bundles of herbs.
Not bad fit into it:
- fancy begonias;
Curly bells that resemble field plants can be placed in hanging pots on the walls.
Chamomile decorreturn to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
Lighting devices must perform not only a functional, but also a decorative function.Finishing materials
- a rock;
- artificially aged tree;
- forged metal;
- bronze or their imitation.
All products should have smooth curved shapes, without coarse transitions and corners.
Lighting an important part of the kitchen in the style of ProvenceA pleasant addition will be a wrought-iron chandelier, which will be ideally combined with furniture or accessories that are similar in design.
Light textiles with lace trim can be used not only for decoration of wall lamps, but also chandeliers. Naturally, the selected fabric colors should overlap with the rest of the interior.
In the kitchen, you can use small spotlights, not too conspicuous. After all, the abundance of light is another characteristic sign of Provence. To create an atmosphere of softness and home comfort, beige or yellow light is used. Too much power should not be - a sharp light is useless. It is better to use a few small ones.
Bright and at the same time cozy atmospherereturn to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
If you want to see firsthand how the kitchen is designed in the style of Provence, watch this video. Here are the best ideas for finishing both small and spacious rooms:return to menu ↑